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What is Fibromyalgia?

1.What is Fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a common condition that is characterized by widespread pain and extreme tenderness in many areas of the body. Many patients also experience fatigue, sleep disturbances, headaches, and mood disturbances such as depression and anxiety.

2.How common is the disease? It’s thought that as many as 1 person in every 25 may suffer from it. It is more common in women. it is the most common cause of generalized musculoskeletal pain in women between 20 and 55 years.

3. What causes fibromyalgia? This is usually a tough question to answer cause usually we don’t have one test that will diagnose the disease and also the exact cause is still unknown as no specific physical cause has been found. This doesn’t mean the symptoms are unreal or ‘all in the mind’, but anxiety, physical or mental trauma, and sleep disturbance are thought to play a part. My answer usually is that
People with fibromyalgia, the muscles and tendons are excessively irritated by various painful stimuli. This is thought to be due to a heightened perception of pain, a phenomenon called “central sensitization” Due to this central sensitization it also causes problems with sleep, digestive system, chronic fatigue, chronic bladder pain amongst others. There is no generally agreed-upon explanation for how or why central sensitization develops in some people. A plausible cause may be genetics as those with a parent or sibling with fibromyalgia have a higher chance of developing it themselves. various stressors, including infection, diseases that involve joint inflammation (eg, rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus), physical or emotional trauma, or sleep disturbances appear to trigger the development of fibromyalgia.